Image shamelessly linked from GameFAQs.
This was a game even your grandmother could love.
Every video game console has at least one game that defines it. One title that, above any other, people associate with it. For modern consoles, it's often a launch title that soars above the rest in quality, or a later game that is exclusive to that system. Usually, it's a great game that is universally hailed as something special. For early consoles, that game often happened to be the pack-in title, i.e. the game that came with the system when you bought it. In the case of the Game Boy, that game was Tetris.
The thing about Tetris
, however, is that it's not just a quality pack-in title. It was a mission statement. It was the perfect representation of the hardware's untapped potential, and the kind of game that could sell a Game Boy to even the most ardent anti-video game folks out there. Why, you ask? The answer is quite simple; Tetris is fun for all ages
. Read that statement again, because I don't say it lightly. Your parents, grandparents, aunts, and uncles may have no interest in blowing up aliens, stomping on walking mushrooms, or other such things, but a game with jigsaw-like puzzle pieces that move, and you have to put them in order to eliminate them from the screen? Most anyone can get on board with that. Large numbers of people did.
It's not a stretch to say tens of millions of people
worldwide have seen this title screen many times.
Unless you were alive and invested in video games in the mid-late 1980's, it's hard to truly explain the "mania" surrounding Tetris
. It was a craze, and nearly everyone was affected by it. The storied battle between Tengen (Atari) and Nintendo over the rights to Tetris
on the Nintendo Entertainment System is better documented elsewhere, but suffice to say, history proves that Nintendo won the battle, at least from a legal standpoint. The game, upon a release on the NES and in the arcades, became a huge hit, and Nintendo, having scored the rights to the game on the NES, scored a major coup on the home console front. That coup was further cemented by the inclusion of Tetris
as the pack-in game for the original Game Boy. Unfortunately, I haven't been able to get good figures for the sales of the Game Boy with the included Tetris
pack-in, because sales of the Game Boy Pocket and Color models are lumped in with the original "white brick" version in all official sales statements, but sales of Tetris
itself were upwards of 35 million units. So of the 118.69 million "Game Boy family" systems sold worldwide from 1989 to 2003, we can link over 1/4 of those sales, in some measure, to the popularity of Tetris.
Playing this game again the last few days in preparation for this write-up, it struck me just how much I enjoyed it. I recalled dedicating hours mastering the 4-line technique, and feeling a huge sense of victory any time I topped 100,000 points. As a youth, I worked my way up to being able to start on level 7 or 8, and maximizing my scoring potential. Having not played Tetris
seriously in years, I'm not at that level any longer, but I was surprised that, after a couple practice runs, I was starting at level 5 or 6 and having some success in getting scores upwards of 60,000 or 80,000 points, and toppling the 100,000 mark a few times. As they say, it's just like riding a bicycle; you never forget how, so just get on and ride.
Like many good arcade or early console games, this screenshot,
taken from the game's "attract mode", demonstrates subtly
how to play the game. A brilliant way to introduce the game
mechanics, and something that is lost in today's world of
overly complex games and 30-minute introductory tutorials.
I'll attempt to succinctly describe the game play. You control a single, slowly falling geometric shape called a "Tetronimo", and can move it left or right, rotate it to the right or left, and press down on the d-pad to drop the piece to the bottom of the playing field, or atop another piece. Each of these Tetronimo pieces is made up of 4 smaller squares, and pieces range from a large square to a long/tall line, to pieces where the squares are more "bent" in shape. The grid you play in is 10 squares wide, and nearly 20 squares high. As Tetronimo pieces fall, you place them on the play field in any order you wish, with the goal being to create a single, contiguous horizon line made of of Tetronimo pieces. If you can manage to create a 4-line sequence at one time, using the 4-square tall "line" block, you score a big point bonus. This 4-line clear, called a "Tetris", is the key to getting a high score in the game, and is also the linchpin to the game's deceptive simplicity. Each time you complete 10 lines, the game's level increases, and the pieces fall faster. Each time the level increases, the score multiplier for clearing single lines and "Tetris" clears goes up. Thus, if you start the game at a higher level to begin with, you start with that level's speed, but also its score multiplier until clearing enough lines to go to the next level up from where you started.
"Rocket man, burning out his fuse up here alone."
Graphically, the game is not, by itself, impressive. Compare it to the graphics on the NES, and the Game Boy's "4 shades of green" palette didn't impress much, and the sprites themselves were comparable, though obviously scaled back. Context is important, however, and compare the graphics to what we had become used to in "portable gaming" with Nintendo Game & Watch devices, or the Tiger series of dedicated LCD handhelds, and it was a technical wonder. Pieces fell and actually animated if you rotated them or fell smoothly when used the d-pad to drop them down to the bottom of the play field. In addition, the minor animations of Mario and Luigi in 2-player mode, or the taking off of the rocket (if you scored 100,000 points or more in a single play), were something that, up to that point, hadn't been possible in a hand-held gaming device. The graphics are largely utilitarian, but looking back, they're perfect for what the game is.
The game's sound and music is iconic, so it's hard to talk about it without talking about the game's music tracks. We all know that "Type-A" sounds like a Russian melody, and that's because it was apparently based upon a Russian folk song. "Type-C" is based on a piece by Johann Sebastian Bach, which gives it that classical sound. "Type-B", however, is a wholly original tune, and composer Hirokazu Tanaka managed to also channel that Russian folk vibe to great effect. Add the bouncy title screen theme, the high score music, and the triumphant music that plays as the rocket launches, and despite its diminutive size, the score is as well composed as one could hope for. Sounds are also iconic, with the funny block rotation sound, the nice "slap" sound when you drop a piece to the bottom, the subtle single-line clear noise, and the not-so-subtle "Tetris" clear noise, as well as the "I'm dead!" sound that plays when you get a Game Over by filling up the play field. They're not the best sounds you can produce on the hardware, but for an early title, they're still impressive.
If you're a Tetris perfectionist like me, you'll see this screen
a lot as you throw game after game, searching for that
perfect play through where you can execute Tetris after Tetris.
As I mentioned earlier, the ability to manage your pieces on the play field and line them up to achieve a "Tetris" is truly the technique that needs to be mastered to get the most out of the game. Based on the pieces that fall, I generally try and choose either the right or left side of the board to leave open, stack up pieces to make a complete, 4-line (or higher) group, and leave the space for the 4-square "line" piece to complete that "Tetris" and score big points. As pieces fall, and you place them, you have to be cognizant of all 7 pieces available, because you might get 3 big squares in a row, or the "L" and "J" pieces, and have nowhere to put them. This puzzle piece management is of the utmost importance; otherwise, you'll find yourself expending available lines to clear away ill-placed pieces, rather than making "Tetris" blocks. To increase the challenge, you can press the Select button during play to turn off the preview of what the next piece will be, which removes your ability to plan ahead by a move.
Starting at a higher level means you can rack up points
faster, and begin to achieve scores upwards of 100,000.
It seems surreal to talk about Tetris
on the Game Boy, more than 25 years after its release. It's difficult to pinpoint what it is about the game that makes it so addictive. I picked it up a couple days ago, intending to play a round or two, and before I knew it, I had burned over 2 hours playing, without even realizing it. That's much of what the game has going for it - that deceptive simplicity and addictive game play. That addictive quality is only part of the game's appeal, and hopefully I've illustrated that above. Make no mistake - if you own an original Game Boy, Game Boy Pocket, or even a newer Game Boy Color or Advance, you owe it to yourself to play the original Tetris
release, because it's just one of those games every gamer should experience. Essential.
Original version posted at the Game Boy Guru project official site:http://gameboyguru.blogsp.../2015/04/tetris-1989.html
Very well written article, sir. And one of my all-time favorites! Tetris on the Game Boy really hooked me like few other titles ever have, and while I've moved on to preferring other versions (The Game Boy Color Tetris DX version is close to my top) there is a certain charm to this ol' classic, and it indeed still holds its own today. I found a grey-brick GBO at a yard sale for a dollar a few years ago, and it still had this cart in it. After some fresh batteries, I played it for hours and it was like I was a kid again.
Love this series of GB reviews, keep 'em coming!
I was never a puzzle fan back in the day, so I resisted the hordes of exclaiming Tetris people at all costs. If I wasn't jumping onto/over something or blowing something up I wasn't interested. Then one fine day I was finally cornered and couldn't help it. Boy, what a great game. I'm convinced that if Nintendo had released the Game Boy and it had been a Tetris system exclusively Nintendo would still have sold bundles.
Thanks for the comments! I agree, bombatomba, I still think Nintendo would have sold bucket-loads of Game Boy systems, though they would likely have had to cut the cost down to justify the expense. Having said that, there are some GB owners who probably put WAY more time into Tetris than anything else in their library, and would have been fine with only playing Tetris, because that's what they got the biggest kick out of. So, perhaps a slightly smaller price point and Nintendo still would have had a smash hit on their hands.
Great article. I bought a Gameboy back in those days and it was the one that came with Tetris. I played it a fair amount and enjoyed it. You were right when you said these games are kind of fading away. You just don't see to many "puzzle" type games anymore on consoles, but these types of games were always fun to me as well. Highly addictive also just like you said. And I agree the music in the game was great. Nice to hear about Tetris I haven't thought about that game in awhile. And just to touch on what you said about everyone being able to pick up and play this. My older sister way back when NEVER played video games, but I distinctly remember even HER investing quite a few game hours on Tetris. Me personally I think the name is what really stands out the most about this game. Just sounds cool....."TETRIS"....good memories. I do miss these type of brain buster games. Awesome article man....awlays a pleasure to read your work. Very cool man.
It's kind of amazing that during the height of the Cold War here in the States, that a game advertised as coming from "Russia with love" would be so universally accepted by so many. Tetris, even though so simple in design, really was that ground breaking game that people of all ages were playing and enjoying.
@Neo: Thank you for the continued kind words! And yes, your sister's story echoes me with my dad. He had ZERO interest in computer or video games, but after getting a version of Tetris on the family's home PC and watching me play it, then realizing it's more than just mindlessly moving around, but actually involves, strategy, thought process, etc., he picked it up and we began trying to best each other's scores. That carried over later into Columns, and then eventually stuff like Shanghai, Mahjongg, and the like. While he never picked up a console game controller, at least I got to share some gaming experiences with my dad, and Tetris was the game that broke the ice.
I've always wondered if Tetris got a stand alone (with cardboard box, non-players choice) release in stores. After the pack ins, did it go straight to Players Choice?
It had a standalone release:
@MetalFRO: I know what you mean MetalFRO...Isn't great when someone isn't really a gamer but somehow you break the ice like you said and get them to appreciate your love for games. I know my stepdad Wayne never played a game in his life. Matter of fact he kind of poked fun at people who did sit around just playing games. He was the macho type. Well on unfortunate evening swimming at a pool party he went down a slide and managed to break his leg pretty bad when he hit the bottom. Well for the next 6 or so months he was pretty much out of commission. Didn't have much to do but sit around and watch movies. Although he wasn't too big on video games he loved sci-fi movies and the like. Thinks like chronicles of Riddick, lord of the rings, the matrix. Well I, knowing he couldn't do very much and knowing how much he loved the lord of the rings movies, told him he ought to check out this game called "Oblivion". Yes the elder scrolls. Well...he finally caved and took control. It took him a while to learn how to use the controller. I mean at the beginning it was like trying to show a toddler lol....but before long he got the hang of it....and the next thing you know he is playing hours, upon hours....all day even....for the most part. And he was having a blast....He REALLY loved that game. Within the week I convinced him also to play resident evil 5 co-op with me, and me and him beat that game within 1 weekend. I'm glad too because it was a good way for us to kind of bond and stuff....and it really was a blast. It was almost like me saying, "Now you know why I love to play these games so much!"...And He absolutely loved playing the games. And really started to appreciate them. In fact his oblivion character ended up surpassing mine lol.... And since then he STILL remains an avid video game player. Like he really started to enjoy them very much. So glad I could kind of "show him the light" if you will....it was cool.
@Neo: Cool story! I love hearing stuff like this, people who aren't into gaming, or are averse to gaming changing their minds because of some patience and persistence on the part of a gamer just trying to cultivate a relationship. That's awesome.
@MetalFRO: Yeah, it was a lot of fun man.